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How To Become A Surveyor

Surveyors are highly skilled specialists who play a critical part in developing, constructing, and defining properties, construction sites, and environmental sites. These professionals have specialized training to work in their industry and often rely on various hard skills to do so.

If you want to work as a surveyor, there are various procedures you must take. In this post, we’ll look at what a surveyor does, what their work environment is like, and how to become a surveyor so you can decide if this is the job for you.

Who Is A Surveyor?

Surveyors are essential in the land development sector since they are in charge of measuring and marking property boundaries and gathering and distributing geographical data to engineers, cartographers, and construction companies for development and mapping purposes.

Surveyors work with advanced technical equipment; therefore, this profession necessitates a solid set of both hard and soft abilities.

What Exactly Does A Surveyor Do?

Surveyors utilize highly specialized technical equipment and techniques to precisely measure the geographical layout of potential development sites, residential and commercial properties, preserved land regions, and other areas where land may be used. Surveyors conduct a variety of important tasks for the companies for which they work, which can include:

Distances and angles between locations above, below, and on the land’s surface are measured.

Traveling to several places and locations to pinpoint the precise location of critical geographical features using known points of reference

Investigating land and survey documents and land titles, as well as determining property and land boundary lines.

Creating reports, maps, and plots, as well as presenting their findings to government agencies, construction firms, and other clients

Defining formal land and water borders for legal documents such as leases and deeds

Surveyors may undertake extra duties in addition to these basic job requirements, depending on the type of survey work they do. Among the several types of survey work are:

1. Land Surveying

Land surveyors determine the legal boundaries of land and pinpoint the precise locations of construction sites and real properties.

Surveyors in engineering and construction determine the locations of structures, roadways, and the depths of building foundations for construction projects.

2. Forensic Surveying

Forensic surveyors record accident scenes and the effects of incidents on land areas and geographical features.

3. Mine Surveying

Mine surveyors map tunnels and characteristics of underground mines and assist in determining the volume of mining materials in surface mines.

4. Marine & Hydrographic Surveying

Marine surveyors survey water such as rivers, bays, and harbors to detect topographical features such as water depth and water body floor.

5. Geodetic Surveying

Geodetic surveyors employ high-accuracy technical equipment, such as satellite and aerial observation tools, to measure larger portions of the earth’s surface.

What Are The Qualifications Needed?

A Bachelor’s degree in Civil Engineering is the minimum requirement for candidates seeking to become surveyors. There are, however, many international universities and schools that offer degrees in land surveying and survey technology. They will not, however, provide you with the necessary land surveying license.

Step 1: After passing the 10th grade, the interested candidate must take an entrance exam administered by the Technical Education Boards of various State Governments to be admitted to Diploma colleges based on the individual’s performance in the entrance exam.

This test is usually held in May-June and consists of objective-style questions on English, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Aptitude.


Step 2: After completing this three-year Diploma programme, one can either work as a Junior Engineer or compete for admission to the second year of a degree in engineering programme offered by certain of the state’s regional engineering colleges.

OR, as an alternative to acquiring an engineering degree, one can complete their engineering studies through AMIE (Associate Membership of Institution of Engineers).

AMIE introduces a non-formal engineering education programme, the successful completion of which is recognized by the government of India, the union public service commission, state governments, and public/private sector enterprises as comparable to a degree in engineering.

The second alternative is for the engineering student to complete 10+2 before enrolling in a degree college.

To be eligible for a degree study in engineering, one must have a 10+2 Class pass or have appeared in a Non-Medical stream with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as primary subjects, with a minimum of 60% marks in PCM for most renowned colleges.

Step 1: Eligible candidates must appear in entrance tests conducted by various state universities  Central Government Organizations such as Joint Entrance Exam (Mains), and independent institutions 

Candidates are admitted to these colleges for a four-year degree programme based on their stream.

Step 2: Following the completion of a degree course or similar right qualifications, you will be required to obtain a license to work.

Important Qualities Of A Surveyor
1. Communication Abilities:

Surveyors must communicate clearly with team members, clients, and government officials.

They must follow architects’ and construction managers’ directions and justify the job’s progress to developers, lawyers, financiers, and government officials.

2. Detail-oriented personality:

Because they create legally enforceable papers, surveyors must operate with precision and accuracy.

3. Visualization Abilities:

Surveyors must be able to visualize new structures and changing terrain.


4. Physical Endurance:

Surveyors have commonly worked outside, frequently in difficult terrain. They must be able to walk vast distances and for extended periods.

5. Problem-solving Abilities:

Surveyors must resolve conflicts between documentation depicting property borders and present land conditions. If there have been modifications in prior years, they must determine why and reinstate property lines.

6. Time management Abilities:

Surveyors must be able to efficiently plan their time on the work and the time of their team members. This is especially important when tight deadlines or when working outside during the winter when daylight hours are limited.

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